As part of your family's routine, you should discuss your escape plan from your home. Keep these points in mind when making your family's plan.
Post house numbers in a conspicuous place: Numbers should be posted on the front of your home and in the rear when rear access is available. They should be clearly visible from the street and alley. For one and two-family dwellings, the numbers should be a minimum of three inches high. By following these guidelines you make it easier for the emergency vehicles to assist you in a timely fashion.
In case of fire: Immediately leave the home and dial 9-1-1: Do not waste any time saving property. Take the safest exit route, but if you must escape through smoke, remember to crawl low under the smoke.
Call for help: Call 9-1-1 from a neighbor’s home.
Know two ways out of each room: If the primary way is blocked by fire or smoke, you will need a second way out. This might be a window onto an adjacent roof or by using an escape ladder. Practice escaping in the dark. Make sure that windows are not stuck and screens can be taken out quickly.
Feel the door: When you come to a closed door, use the back of your hand to feel the top of the door, the door knob, and the crack between the door and door frame to make sure that fire is not on the other side. If it feels hot, use your secondary escape route. Even if the door feels cool, open it carefully. If heat and smoke come in, slam the door and use an alternate escape route.
Have an arranged meeting place: Use a fixed object such as a tree or mailbox in the front of your home or adjacent property. This will allow you to take an accurate head count and no one will be hurt looking for someone who is already safe. Once you have the head count, designate one person to go to a neighbor’s home to phone the fire department (9-1-1).
Once out, STAY OUT: Never go back into a burning building for any reason. If someone is missing, tell the firefighters. They are equipped to perform rescues safely.